Frequently asked questions

Electrocardiogram (ECG)

The sound of the word electricity might be scary, but in the hands of well trained and experienced personnel like those at Kisumu heart center, an electrocardiogram is one of the simplest non invasive tests that you can get. Once you have been prepared adequately for the procedure by our nurses and ECG technologists, 9 leads will be placed at various locations around your heart. 6 on your chest and 3 others on your limbs. The other 3 leads are known as augmented leads and are derived from the 3 limb leads by the ECG machine to make the 12 lead ECG.

These leads will monitor your hearts electrical activity and print it out on a piece of paper. Digital records are also available. The procedure takes between 10 to 15 minutes and it is painless.

Once it is done, the Kisumu heart center cardiovascular specialist doctors will read and interpret the strip for you and make an informed decision about your Heart’s health.​

Ideally, your doctor should prescribe an ECG for you based on the sings and symptoms you present with. An electrocardiogram/ electrocardiography, can be used to diagnose many conditions of the heart and some that are not from the heart per se, but affect its functioning.

The most common conditions for which your doctor may request an ECG include: coronary heart disease, heart muscle injury, heart failure and heart attack. It can also be used to assess electrolyte imbalances and drug toxicities. We also use electrocardiography to monitor patients under anesthesia and those under critical care.​

Symptoms that may make your doctor consider prescribing an ECG include: chest pain, difficulty in breathing, cough, leg swelling, palpitations and irregular heartbeats, fainting spells etc.

Here at Kisumu heart center, we conduct about 10 ECGs a day for various conditions on our patients. A good number of our patients also request ECGs as a form of routine cardiovascular checkup and occasionally, on these routine tests, we identify an abnormality and correct it before it is even symptomatic.​

The cost of doing an ECG varies depending on the location, technology of the machines used and the available human resource. At Kisumu Heart Center, patient health comes first. We believe that financial constraints shouldn’t be a barrier to accessing quality health care. For more information on our affordable prices on this and other services, contact us at or on phone number 0731555212 or BOOK APPOINTMENT. You can also visit our Kisumu offices at LOCATION


At Kisumu heart center, we believe in holistic care and we try as much as possible to have all our patient services availed under one roof. This not only reduces time wastage but is also cost effective for the patient. That is why we insist on having our own equipment to take care of our patients holistically.

Moreover, medical training and experience varies among healthcare providers and one missed step in the process of doing an ECG or an Echocardiogram may result in a misdiagnosis. It is for this reason that we insist on performing our own ECG.

Those tests done outside our facility will be reviewed by our specialist cardiovascular physicians and the need for a repeat assessed.​


Too much of anything is poisonous. Too much of sugar in the body results in damage of organs. Blood vessels are the most commonly damage organ. Damaged blood vessels in the body due to diabetes results in hypertension. Damage of blood vessels in the kidneys results in renal failure and damage of vessels in the brain may cause a stroke. All these are life threatening complications of diabetes.

There are other slow but still dangerous complications of high blood sugar . Too much blood sugar damages nerves causing diabetic neuropathy; this is loss of sensation in the extremities. Loss of sensation will result in patients with diabetes getting wounds, especially on the feet without them feeling any pain. The wounds therefore grow big and become chronic. Diabetic ulcers are also contributed to by the fact that blood vessels are damaged and poor blood supply results in delayed healing.

Damage to the blood vessels of the eyes may result in blindness; a condition known as diabetic retinopathy.

As stated above, 95% of cases of hypertension have no identifiable cause. However, research has shown that there are numerous lifestyle factors that act as risk factors for development of hypertension. These include; cigarette smoking, obesity, lack of exercise, high salt intake and alcohol overuse. Other non-lifestyle factors are: increased age, being of the male gender, family history of hypertension, diabetes, diseases of the kidney and diseases of the thyroid gland. In case an underlying cause of hypertension is identified we prioritize its treatment. It is important to note that a high blood pressure may be as a sign of another disease such as preeclampsia in pregnancy.

Isolated abnormal blood pressure readings are not diagnostic of hypertension. Follow up measurements are required to make a diagnosis. The Kisumu heart center conducts schedules free blood pressure measurements campaigns in Kisumu and its environs. Any patient found to be hypertensive is referred to our facility where they are tested, counseled and started on appropriate blood pressure medication.

There are two types of diabetes. Type 1 and type 2. Type 1 affects people aged below 35 years and is also known as insulin dependent diabetes. This type of diabetes is caused by destruction of the insulin producing cells of the pancreas by the immune system. Type 2 diabetes, which is more common, affects older people and is characterized by too much sugar intake, obesity and sedentary lifestyle. At the Kisumu heart Centre diabetes control clinic, we manage both types of diabetes comfortably and provide long-term follow-up and monitoring.

People living with risk factors that increase the possibility of developing diabetes need to always be on the lookout for potential signs and symptoms of high blood sugar. The risk factors include: family history of diabetes, advancing age, obesity, excessive carbohydrate intake, cigarette smoking and excessive alcohol intake. Some of the common manifestations of diabetes include: excessive water intake and excessive thirst sensation, excessive urination, constant feeling of hunger etc. some of the symptoms of complications include blurred vision and non-healing wounds.

It is important for all diabetic patients on follow-up to deeply understand the normal ranges of blood sugar since here at Kisumu Heart Centre we encourage self-monitoring and self-administration of insulin and other diabetes control medication. The normal blood sugar varies depending on a couple of factors including medication and last meals before measuring. Our diabetes clinic runs everyday and our doctors will give you appointments depending on the level of control of your sugar. The Kisumu Heart Centre provides personalized health education and patient training to all our diabetes patients free of charge as part of the consultation process.

Diabetes melitus has no known cure. Treatment entails control of blood sugar and looking out for complications. At Kisumu heart Center we encourage regular clinical visits for assessment of possible complications and rapid intervention before they become life threatening. Blood sugar control and maintenance withing the normal range is however the mainstay of treatment. Insulin and oral glycemic agents are the main drugs used for diabetes control. Avoid self-prescription.

Echocardiography (echo)

Due to the shortage of these advanced medical equipment in our country, not enough trained and qualified medical doctors and other health workers are conversant with the technical knowledge and skill required to operate an echo machine. However, here at Kisumu Heart Center we endeavor to equip all our junior doctors as well as those within the region with this important skill.

The procedure is non invasive and completely painless. After our nurses have adequately prepared you for the procedure, a lubricated prob will be applied along your chest and around your heart as the image of your heart is displayed on a monitor. The doctor will take images and the machine can also record a video of your beating heart as blood flows through its chambers. The machine gives calculations on the effectiveness of your heart’s contractions and the flow of blood.

The machine also has specialized probes that can be used to observe the flow of blood along your vessels. Depending on the clinical presentation, the procedure takes about 10 to 20 minutes.

Unlike X-rays and CT scans, an echocardiogram does not produce any radiation that can destroy your heart or harm any organs in your body. It is completely safe to use and does not have any side effects.


It is important to consult a doctor if you have any signs and symptoms of disease. At the Kisumu heart center, we offer holistic services ranging from consultation, diagnostic tests to drug dispensation and inpatient services. We therefore urge all our clients to consult with our cardiovascular specialists incase of symptoms such as chest pain, palpitations, difficulty in breathing etc. which may indicate a serious heart problem for which an echo may be required.

At Kisumu Heart Center, patient health comes first. We believe that financial constraints shouldn’t be a barrier to accessing quality health care. For more information on our affordable prices on this and other services, contact us at or on phone number 0731555212 or BOOK APPOINTMENT. You can also visit our Kisumu office